Edge vs Chrome, What is the Safest Browser?

What is the safest browser? Is there even a difference?

When was the last time you thought about your browser? 

Most people don’t.

They use whatever came with their computer (or smartphone or tablet). Or, maybe they tried a bunch of different ones years ago, picked one they liked and stuck with it.

But the world has changed, browsers have changed, and it’s time for another look -- this time with your cyber security in mind.

Is There Really A Difference Between Browsers

YES! And No.

Let’s start with the “no.” In the early days, browsers were completely different, down to the code foundations they were built on and the kind of speed and functionality they had. But all of the modern browsers -- Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, even Opera, Brave and other niche browsers -- all work on the same code foundation, Google Chromium. Chromium is the engine, Chrome is the browser. 

Think of it like the Lotus Evora and the Toyota Camry -- very different cars but both have the same exact engine under the hood. Modern browsers all share the same engine (Chromium) but package it differently -- and those differences matter.

Yes, browsers are different. But it’s not the color schemes, tools and extras that make the most impact. When it comes to your cyber security, the two most important differences are:

1--Default privacy and security settings

2--How they use the data they gather

Default Browser Privacy & Security Settings

Default settings are the settings in place if you were to download and run your browser and never touch a security setting. Chrome’s default security settings are the least security-friendly of all the major browsers. They allow for first-party cookies which store your preferences on sites you visit, and also for third-party cookies that follow your activity across websites. Google plans to phase out 3rd party cookies within a few years but are not there yet.

Other default settings that you should disable on Chrome include disabling pop-ups, enabling secure DNS lookups and turning off background refresh (Chrome keeps running after you’ve closed it). And those are just a few.

Mozilla Firefox is privacy-focused by default. Microsoft Edge is not as conservative as Firefox, but better than Google for its default security settings.

How Companies Use Your Data

Even if you take the time to scour Google Chrome settings to meet your exact privacy settings, there is still the issue of how that data is used to consider. 

Google has the same “surveillance capitalism” model as Facebook. They offer free products/services because their model is not to sell products -- they sell data. Your data, if you are using their platforms. You are their product. They gather your data and sell it for profit. And they do not disclose to what entity your data has been sold.

Microsoft (which makes Edge), and Apple (which makes Safari) have a completely different model. They sell products and use your data to improve those products or decide what to build next. To date, there is no indication that either company sells the data they gather.

Mozilla (which makes Firefox) is a non-profit organization. They do also sell a few products, but they do not sell data.

Are There Any Browsers That Don’t Collect Any Data?

I know of one browser that is completely secure, called Tor. It bounces your relay all across the world so it's impossible for trackers to know where and who you actually are. But to do that, it is very heavy and slow. In fact, many websites simply don’t work on Tor. It can’t replace a general browser, but might be worth using if you are searching for something very sensitive or personal -- like medical information.

You can also choose to change your Search Engine, from Google Search to DuckDuckGo. DuckDuckGo is a search engine that doesn’t track users -- ever. So, using DuckDuckGo with a Chrome browser, Chrome would still track what it can, but it wouldn’t have access to your search history.

The Safest Browser For Your Privacy & Security

No one wants to return to the days of slow clunky browsers that don’t work on your favorite sites. But privacy is important. 

The best middle ground is to use Mozilla Firefox as your browser and dd in DuckDuckGo as your search engine for additional security. Edge is another option, but double check those default settings to make sure it's as private as possible.

How To Implement At Your Business

The personal implication of data security often hits closest to home, but it’s even more important for businesses. Here’s a checklist to help you make changes in your organization:

  1. Decide to make the switch. It seems simple enough, but it’s this necessary first step that holds most companies back from better data security.
  2. Communication with your team WHY the change is necessary and when/how it will happen. Reassure them you’ll have support in place if they stumble learning the new browser and/or search engine.
  3. Implement a password manager like LastPass. One of the reasons people get very attached to their browser is the ability browsers now have to store login information. Using a 3rd party tool like LastPass to manage passwords can help as people can save those passwords and access them no matter what browser they are using. Have your team load all their current passwords into LastPass before the changeover.
  4. Work with your IT team to install the new browser across all devices under company control as well as remove the old browser and its stored data.
  5. Support your team as they acclimate to the change. Reinforce why it is needed.

Need help? Reach out to Intrust-IT for more guidance on rolling out cybersecurity changes in your organization.

The Bottom Line

Firefox is the best browser for data and security of all the major browsers. Edge is better than Chrome, but not as privacy-friendly as Firefox. Switching browsers is an easy and impactful step you can take to protect your personal and business data.

Dave Hatter, CISSP is a cyber security consultant, writer, educator and on-air media contributor. See hundreds of Dave’s expert interviews on cyber security on his YouTube channel, or tune in to 55KRC every Friday morning at 6:30 for his “Tech Friday” segment.

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